TRANSIT COMMUNITY MAPPING FOR WASH AND RH SITUATION
publ. date :Sat, 16th Nov 2013
Recent outbreak of cholera in some States of Nigeria occurred because open defeacation and poor hygiene practices are still common among the people. These practices are particularly common in rural communities and urban slums where the poor reside.
Transit communities are often over-crowded, neglected and lack adequate social facilities. Daily influx of traders, artisans, long distance drivers and travelers encourages establishment of restaurants, beer palours and brothels where comfortable travelers could relax. In the first quarter of year 2014, Population Welfare and Empowerment Foundation (POWEF) will carry out a community mapping for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and Reproductive Health (RH) situation in some major transit communities of Ogun, Ondo and Osun States.
POWEF considers mapping as an essential part of intervention planning, and it is especially important for our community-based intervention where planning, implementation and monitoring are done in a participatory manner to ensure sustainability. Mapping has become very important tool used by us to understand the needs of our target communities. The planned community mapping will enable us understand WASH and RH condition of target communities for appropriate interventions. Through this mapping, POWEF will be able to learn about the following RH and WASH issues:
* Who is living in the target communities (distribution of households) * The community water sources and inhabitants' access to safe water * Households with and without toilets * Areas for open defeacation (normal condition, during emergency situation, for children and for animals) * Which families use which areas for defeacation * Where women go and what happens during emergency defecation at night or during high incidence of diarrhea * Practices of personal hygiene, especially handwashing * Access to quality reproductive health care services * Knowledge of RH and HIV/AIDS issues * Common cases of teenage pregnancy and abortion * Practices of adequate RH behaviour and HIV prevention
Reports of this mapping will determine the focus and strategies of our integrated community-based WASH and RH intervention while developing proposals for possible donor supports.